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Government of Ohio

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Ohio entered the state on March 1, 1803 and was the 17th state to enter the Union.The Government of Ohio is guarded and established by the Ohio State Constitution. Ohio was part of the Northwest Territory until statehood. It entered the state on March 1, 1803 and was the 17th state to enter the Union. The government of Ohio is divided into three distinct branches, namely the Executive branch, the Legislative branch and the Judicial branch.

Executive Branch of Ohio


The Executive Branch manages the constitution and laws conceded by the legislative branch. The governor is the chief executive officer of the state. The Governor oversees the agendas and maneuvers of state government. It creates the awareness among the state to attract new businesses and controls the stipulation of services by local government.

Governor

The Governor is nominated for a four-year term and can serve only for two successive terms. The Governor is elected every four years by a plurality. There is no limit to the number of terms that can be served. A governor who has been in office for two terms can be in election again after taking a gap of one term.

Contact Details
Riffe Center, 30th Floor 77
South High Street Columbus,
OH 43215-6117
Phone: (614) 466-3555

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Lieutenant Governor

The Lieutenant Governor acts as governor when there is a position in the office of governor or if the Governor is not present in the state. The Lieutenant governor acts as commissioner of the Recreation and Tourism, Ohio Department of Culture, and has such other responsibilities and duties as the Governor shall assign.

Contact Details
Riffe Center, 30th Floor 77
South High Street Columbus,
OH 43215-6117

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State Auditor

The State Auditor is the payroll officer and chief accountant. The Auditor promotes the state's financial accountability. The Auditor also promotes transparency in the State’s finances.

Contact Details
One Government Center
Room 1420
Toledo, Ohio 43064
Toll Free: 800-443-9276
Fax: 419-245-2484

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Attorney General

The Attorney General is the chief of the Department of Justice and is the state’s chief legal officer. He defends the interest and rights of the state. He or she has the authority to arbitrate in any civil action in which the state has significance. The Attorney General's office protects Ohio laws against constitutional disputes in federal court.

Contact Details
Ohio Attorney General
30 E. Broad St., 14th Floor
Columbus, OH 43215

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Secretary of State

The Secretary of State heads the Department of State and is the state’s chief election officer. He oversees parish registrars of voters, certifies and prepares the ballots for all elections, administering the voter registration laws, administering the election laws, announcing election returns and buying, keeping, checking and maintaining voting machines. The Secretary of State distributes and publishes the acts of the legislature, conserving the official records of the state and keeping the Great Seal and attaching it to official state documents.

Contact Details
180 East Broad Street, 16th Floor
Columbus, Ohio 43215614) 466-2655
(877) SOS-Ohio (877-767-6446)
TTY: (614) 466-0562

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Treasurer

The Treasurer is the chief of the Department of the Treasury and is the guardian of state finances. The Treasurer expends unrestricted money as requisites by law and keeps a record of the money. The Treasurer works as the banker of the state and endows amount in the bank that are not presently needed in the state. The Treasurer also acts as primary chief of the State Bond Commission and is a part of the Interim Emergency Board.

Contact Details
State Treasurer of Ohio
30 E. Broad Street - 9th Floor
Columbus, Ohio 43215

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Legislative Branch of Ohio


The state is divided into 99 House districts and 33 Senate districts.The state is divided into 99 House districts and 33 Senate districts. A new legislative session is assembled every two years on the first Monday in January of the odd-numbered years. The legislature enacts law, and determines policies through these laws. The use of funds to support programs and gathering of state government is a power vested solely in the legislature. House members attend many meetings of their local, civic, religious and business groups.

Ohio House of Representatives

In the Ohio General Assembly, each citizen is represented by a state representative and a state senator. They develop solutions to the needs of their districts through legislative action. State representatives work together, balancing the best interests of each state district.

Check out the House of Representatives directory here.

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Ohio Senates

The Ohio State Senate is the upper house of the state legislature and consists of 33 state senators. Each senator is elected for four-year terms. The senate members must be minimum 30 years of age and must reside in the state for 4 years before the election.

Visit the website of Ohio Senate

Ohio Judicial Branch


The Judicial Branch consists of District Court, Circuit Courts and the highest court in the State which is known as "Supreme Court".

Supreme Court


The Supreme Court of Ohio is located in Columbus. The court system of Ohio is efficiently managed by the Ohio Supreme Court. The Supreme Court is the court of last resort in Ohio. Most of its cases are appeals from the 12 district courts of appeals. The court is responsible to make effective rules and policies for the appropriate working of the entire court system. The Supreme Court takes appeals from decisions of the district courts and it also hear petitions from lower court decisions. It has main authority to take cases against the state and to issue writs of mandamus, review, habeas corpus and prohibition. The five justices together select the chief justice who serves a four year term.

Contact Details
65, South Front Street
Columbus, OH
43215-3431

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Court of Appeal

The judge with the longest term of service is named chief judge. Their primary function is to hear appeals from the common pleas, municipal and county courts. Each case is heard and decided by a three-judge panel. There are 68 court of appeals judges. The term of a court of appeal judge is ten years. A person can take the case further and can evaluate it if he/she is not satisfied with the verdict of Circuit Court Judge. A court of appeal has authority of all cases from family and juvenile courts, civil matters and most criminal cases . A court of appeal also has the authority to evaluate and oversee cases which are taken from circuit courts.

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Ohio State Agencies


Ohio has many state departments and under the leadership of the governor of Ohio, they work for the development of the state. Some of the main state departments of Ohio are:

Ohio Health Department

The Ohio Health Department works efficiently to improve the health and living standards of the community by implementing many health regulating services and policies. The health department also has its sub divisions which provide all vital records and health statistics of the state. The health department also focuses on community and environmental health so that people lives a healthy life.
The Ohio Health Department works efficiently to improve the health
Contact Details
Ohio Department of Health
Phone: (614) 466-3543
Address: 246 N. High St.
Columbus, Ohio 43215

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Ohio Department of Transportation

The Ohio Department of Transportation is the administrative department of the OhioThe Ohio Department of Transportation is the administrative department of the Ohio state government responsible for developing and maintaining all state and federal roadways in the state of Ohio.

Contact Details
The Ohio Department of Transportation,
1980 West Broad Street,
Columbus Ohio 43223

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Ohio Agriculture Department

It create economic opportunities for Ohio’s farmersThe mission of the Ohio Department of Agriculture is to protect Ohio citizens by ensuring the safety of the state’s food supply, to maintain the health of Ohio’s animals and plant life, and to create economic opportunities for Ohio’s farmers, food processors and agribusinesses.

Contact Details
Ohio Department of Agriculture
8995 East Main Street
Reynoldsburg, OH 43068-3399
Phone: (614) 728-6201
Fax: (614 ) 728-6310

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Ohio Education Department

Ohio Department of Education is a state agency of Ohio, United States. The department’s mission is to provide world class education and best values to the students to ensure success in education, workplace and in every spheres of life.

Contact Details
Ohio Department of Education
25 South Front Street
Columbus, Ohio
43215-4183
(P) 877-644-6338
contact.center@education.ohio.gov

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Ohio Department of Revenue

The Ohio Department of Revenue manages the entire taxation of the state and also attends to the tax payers’ needs and expectations. The department emphasizes in educating the people on taxation and also to provide updated accurate instructions and information on tax laws and policies. The department provides proper guidance on how to file and pay taxes, what to do before tax filing, filing frequencies and due dates, file or amend any returns, late filing penalties, and guidelines on how to apply tax returns.

Contact Details
Ohio Department of Taxation
P.O. Box 530
Columbus, Ohio 43216-0530

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Ohio State Police

 The Ohio State Police is the state police department of OhioThe Ohio State Police works to protect the lives, property and constitutional rights of people in Ohio. They work toward the safety of the communities, highways and environment through impartial enforcement of the laws of this state.

Contact Details
Ohio State Highway Patrol
P.O. Box 182074
Columbus, Ohio 43223

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